|Partnership with NGOs|
The National Literacy Mission fully recognises the vast potential of NGOs in furthering its programmes and schemes. Therefore, ever since its inception, the National Literacy Mission has taken measures to strengthen its partnership with NGOs. The sheer grind and persistence that literacy campaigns involve have greatly diminished much of the enthusiasm that a few NGOs initially exhibited. The National Literacy Mission has made all efforts to evolve both institutional and informal mechanisms to give voluntary organisations an active promotional role in the literacy movement. Under the scheme of support to NGOs, voluntary agencies are encouraged and financial assistance is provided for activities such as:
With more and more districts having completed the post-literacy programmes, the NGOs now have to diversify the scope of their activities. They are expected to take up area-specific continuing education programmes for life-long learning. This will include skill development programmes for personal, social and occupational development.
Partnership with Universities
In order to revitalise, re-energise and expand the role of SRCs, plans are being drafted to not only increase their number but also to equip them with the necessary infrastructure and resource facilities that will enable them to play the role of catalytic agents. They would be actively involved with actual field processes in implementation and would have a key role to play in training, material production and other resource support activities.
Another point that needs to be stressed in so far as SRCS are concerned is the retention of their voluntary character and autonomous functioning. Efforts have been recently made to ensure that SRCs are assigned only to voluntary agencies or institutions of higher learning. State-run SRCs will be discouraged as a matter of policy.
The SRCs at the moment are divided into three categories of A, B & C which receive an annual grant of Rs 36, 25 and 10 lakh, respectively. During the Ninth Five Year Plan, the State Resource Centres are proposed to be divided into two categories of A & B - which will receive an annual grant of Rs 60 lakh and Rs 40 lakh, respectively. The grading is done on the basis of the volume of work. Upgradation is based on performance or increased workload. Also, new resource centres are initially graded in the lower category. As the SRCs are 100 per cent centrally funded, it is imperative that they follow certain financial norms and ensure financial discipline.
In order to simplify the procedures and reach out to the masses, financial and administrative powers have been decentralised to the State Literacy Mission authorities. Each state has been asked to set up a literacy mission as registered bodies under the Societies Registration Act. These missions will be empowered to sanction literacy, post literacy and continuing education projects.