The literacy movement has to its credit, several achievements it can be proud of:
  • Literacy Campaigns have been launched in 597 districts, out of which 174 districts are in Post Literacy programmes and 328 districts in continuing education phase.
  • Literacy projects sanctioned so far under all the schemes of NLM are estimated to cover more than 150  million neo-literates.
  • 125.6 million  have already been made literate under all programs of NLM.
  • 60%  learners are female and 40%  are male.
  • 23%  learners belong to Scheduled Caste and 12%  belong to Scheduled Tribes.
  • The cumulative number of literary volunteers mobilized since the launching of literacy campaigns is about 15 million.

  • The literacy campaigns thus represent the largest ever civil and military mobilization in the history of the country.

* Community and Social Mobilization

The single biggest characteristic of the literacy campaigns has been their ability to galvanize entire communities into believing that learning must become an integral port of their lives. The modus operandi has been to create and build on environment conducive to learning by accessing communities through their cultural roots and traditions. All manner of tools have been used such as cultural processions, street plays, local theatre, puppetry, folk songs, etc.

* Increased School Enrolment

The Adult Education programme has contributed in a significant way to better enrolment of children in schools. Study findings in India show that enrolment of boys and girls in the age group 5-15 years is significantly higher in neo-literate households as compared to children in illiterate households. 2 out of 3 boys in neo-literate households are enrolled in schools compared to 3 out of 4 in participant households. In the case of girls this difference is even more enhanced - 58% for non-participants; 72% for participants.

* Social Awareness of the Importance of Education

India recorded heightened social awareness regarding the importance of education both for themselves as well as for their children. The biggest achievement of the adult education movement has been its impact on girls education. The confidence of the girls as they perform their scholastic and extra-curricular roles is the result of the awareness among neo-literate parents that girls need to be educated and outgoing. The need to provide equal opportunity to both girls and boys has also had the effect of generating greater demand for the quantity and quality of primary schooling.

* Gender Equity and Women's Empowerment

One of the great strengths of the adult education programme has been the involvement of women. As much as 60% of participants in India are female. Programmes have provided illiterate adult women who have been denied access to formal schooling with great opportunity for reading, writing, increasing awareness levels and skills training. Literacy and adult education campaigns have actively promoted gender equity and have sought to empower them as to decision-making about themselves, their families and their communities.

* Status in the Family

This major strain running through the programmes has played a significant role in improving the status of women within their own families. Whereas, traditionally women in India had little say in family decision-making, they, through participation, have begun to express their newly found self-belief in having a say both within and without the family.

* Health and Hygiene

The effect of Adult Education on health and hygiene are indeed most significant. Raising the functional literacy level of a community leads to a demonstrable decline in fertility and infant mortality rates. Adult education has helped spread knowledge about health care and nutrition, thereby enabling mothers to keep their families in better health and to care better for their children.

Sensitizing Panchayati Raj representatives to ensure Mass Participation in literacy programmes.

After the 73rd Constitutional amendment the responsibility of Adult Education now rests with ZILLA Parishad/ZILLA Panchayats. Panchayat elections have now taken place in most of the states and steps have been taken to orient the elected representatives of the Panchayati Raj institutions to the literacy programmes and to integrate the Panchayati structure more meaningfully with the Zilla Saksharata Samiti(ZSS). In newly sanctioned districts, representation of Panchayati Raj Institutions at various levels is being ensured, and in the ZSSs of Panchayati Raj representatives are being imparted orientation and sensitization through workshops held by the State Resource Centres and the National Literacy Resource Centre at Mussorie.

  New Initiatives

  • Low Literacy states.

  • Tribal areas.

  • North Eastern states.

  • Scheduled castes and schedule tribes.

  • Women.

  • Other disadvantaged groups.

  • Minorities.

  • Adolescents.

State Wise Position of TLC, PLP & CE Sanction Status