State Resource Centre
The State Resource Centres (SRCs) have carved out a niche for themselves among the professional adult education organisations in India. There were 14 SRCs in 1980 and their number increased to 25. Managed by NGOs or universities, all SRCs are expected to provide academic and technical resource support. This is mainly done by organising training programmes, material preparation, publishing of relevant material, extension activities, innovative projects, research studies and evaluation.
In order to revitalise, re-energise and expand the role of SRCs, plans are being drafted to not only increase their number but also to equip them with the necessary infrastructure and resource facilities that will enable them to play the role of catalytic agents. They would be actively involved with actual field processes in implementation and would have a key role to play in training, material production and other resource support activities.
Another point that needs to be stressed in so far as SRCS are concerned is the retention of their voluntary character and autonomous functioning. Efforts have been recently made to ensure that SRCs are assigned only to voluntary agencies or institutions of higher learning. State-run SRCs will be discouraged as a matter of policy.
The SRCs at the moment are divided into three categories of A, B & C which receive an annual grant of Rs 36, 25 and 10 lakh, respectively. During the Ninth Five Year Plan, the State Resource Centres are proposed to be divided into two categories of A & B - which will receive an annual grant of Rs 60 lakh and Rs 40 lakh, respectively. The grading is done on the basis of the volume of work. Upgradation is based on performance or increased workload. Also, new resource centres are initially graded in the lower category. As the SRCs are 100 per cent centrally funded, it is imperative that they follow certain financial norms and ensure financial discipline.
In order to simplify the procedures and reach out to the masses, financial and administrative powers have been decentralised to the State Literacy Mission authorities. Each state has been asked to set up a literacy mission as registered bodies under the Societies Registration Act. These missions will be empowered to sanction literacy, post literacy and continuing education projects.